Rev. 22:3 (work sheet)
Rev. 22:3 and latreuo
“There will no longer be any curse; and the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and His bond-servants will serve [latreuo] Him; they will see His face, and His name will be on their foreheads.” (NASB)
“Revelation 22:3 demonstrates the Lord Jesus as the proper recipient of latreuo thereby proving He is God.”
But this interpretation of Rev. 22:3 is disputed even by some trinitarian scholars.
Notice how Rev. 22:3 was understood by the trinitarian scholars and translators of the following Bibles:
“God’s curse will no longer be on the people of that city. He and the Lamb will be seated there on their thrones, and its people will worship God” - CEV.
“Nothing that God judges guilty will be there in that city. The throne of God and the Lamb will be in the city. God’s servants will worship him.” - ERV.
3 …. “The throne of God and of the Lamb will be there, and God’s servants will worship [serve] him.” - EXB.
…. “The Throne of God and of the Lamb is at the center. His servants will offer God service—worshiping,” - MSG.
…. “The throne of God and of the Lamb will be there, and God’s servants will worship him.” - NCV.
…. “The throne of God and of the Lamb will be in the city. God’s servants will serve him.” - NIRV.
…. “And the throne of God and of the Lamb will sit prominently in the city. God’s servants will continually serve and worship Him.” - The Voice.
“Latreuo, when used of God, is in every other NT instance used of the Father, not Jesus. Although Rev. 22:3 has the Lamb as the nearest antecedent, the nearest antecedent in Greek is not always the best choice. The definition of the critical words and context always take precedence over Greek word order. Consider 1 John 2:22, where the nearest antecedent to ‘The Antichrist’ is Jesus Christ himself (Τίς ἐστιν ὁ ψεύστης εἰ μὴ ὁ ἀρνούμενος ὅτι Ἰησοῦς οὐκ ἔστιν ὁ Χριστός; οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ ἀντίχριστος). One must be careful when examining the Greek of the Apocalypse, which nearly every critical scholar admits is irregular and often confusing.” -
(see bottom of blog page)
“Every pronoun represents (takes the place of) a noun. To correctly interpret the Bible, we often must identify the noun (the antecedent) which is represented by the pronoun.
Guidelines for Selecting the Correct Antecedent
1. Usually the antecedent is obvious.
2. If the antecedent is not easily determined then...
a) List the possibilities.
b) Use common sense and ask yourself what makes the best sense.
c) Study the context carefully, especially the preceding verses.
d) Make sure your choice makes good sense theologically and doctrinally.
e) Follow the rule of simplicity. Pronouns are used not to confuse but to simplify. The writer used a pronoun because he assumed that you could figure out the antecedent!
f) The nearest antecedent is often but not always the correct one.”
Thayer gives the pronoun “who” (or “he” in some Bibles) in 1 Cor 1:8 as an example of this:
“[‘Who’] refers to a more remote noun in 1 Co. i.8, where the antecedent of ὃς is not the nearest noun [‘Jesus Christ’], but [‘God’] in 1 Co. i.4” - #3739, Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, Baker Book House, 1984.
A.T. Robertson tells us:
“The personal pronouns are sometimes used freely according to the sense. …. Sometimes there is no immediate reference [antecedent] in the context for the pronoun. The narrative is compressed and one must supply the meaning …. But this is no peculiarity of N. T. Greek or of the koiνη. It is common at all times. In Jo. 8:44, ψεύστης ἐστιν καὶ ὁ πατὴρ αὐτοῦ, the αὐτοῦ refers to ψεύδος [‘lie’] suggested by ψεύστης [‘liar’]. ” - p. 683, A Grammar of the Greek New Testament in the Light of Historical Research.
And Peter answering, said to Jesus: Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
Matt. 17:4 And as he was yet speaking, behold a bright cloud overshadowed them.
NOTICE AS PETER WAS STILL TALKING AND WANTED TO MAKE THREE SEPARATE TENTS,
ONE CLOUD COVERED THEM,WHICH SIGNIFIES THAT ALTHOUGH THEY WERE THREE, THEY REPRESENTED THE UNITY OF THE TRINITY, THE GODHEAD AS ONE IN JESUS!
CONFIRMED AGAIN IN GOD’S OWN WORDS:
5 And lo, a voice out of the cloud, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased: hear ye him.
NOTICE,AFTER THE CLOUD COVERED THE THREE OF THEM,NOT WHEN JESUS WAS ON HIS OWN, OR THE CLOUD COVERED JESUS ONLY,
GOD DECLARED AND SAID THIS IS MY BELOVED SON, OK?
THE THREE OF THEM, IN ONE CLOUD, REPRESENTED
THE SON OF GOD AS A DIVINE BEING IN
SPIRIT, SOUL, AND FLESH!
THE GODHEAD IN ITS GLORY!
So Elias, Moses and Jesus is one divine being?
One representing each aspect of flesh, soul and spirit?
3 Just then there appeared before them Moses and Elijah, talking with Jesus.
4 Peter said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good for us to be here. If you wish, I will put up three shelters—one for you, one for Moses and one for Elijah.”
5 While he was still speaking, a bright cloud covered them, and a voice from the cloud said, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased. Listen to him!” - NIV.